The LORD spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai:
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When you enter the land I am giving you, the land will observe a Sabbath to the LORD.
You may sow your field for six years, and you may prune your vineyard and gather its produce for six years.
But there will be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land in the seventh year, a Sabbath to the LORD: you are not to sow your field or prune your vineyard.
You are not to reap what grows by itself from your crop, or harvest the grapes of your untended vines. It must be a year of complete rest for the land.
[Whatever] the land [produces during] the Sabbath year can be food for you; for yourself, your male or female slave, and the hired hand or foreigner who stays with you.
All of its growth may serve as food for your livestock and the wild animals in your land.
"You are to count seven sabbatic years, seven times seven years, so that the time period of the seven sabbatic years amounts to 49.
Then you are to sound a trumpet loudly in the seventh month, on the tenth [day] of the month; you will sound it throughout your land on the Day of Atonement.
You are to consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim freedom in the land for all its inhabitants. It will be your Jubilee, when each of you are to return to his property and each of you to his clan.
The fiftieth year will be your Jubilee; you are not to sow, reap what grows by itself, or harvest its untended vines.
It is to be holy to you because it is the Jubilee; you may [only] eat its produce [directly] from the field.
"In this Year of Jubilee, each of you will return to his property.
If you make a sale to your neighbor or a purchase from him, do not cheat one another.
You are to make the purchase from your neighbor based on the number of years since the last Jubilee. He is to sell to you based on the number of [remaining] harvest years.
You are to increase its price in proportion to a greater amount of years, and decrease its price in proportion to a lesser amount of years, because what he is selling to you is a number of harvests.
You are not to cheat one another, but fear your God, for I am the LORD your God.
"You are to observe My statutes and ordinances and carefully observe them, so that you may live securely in the land.
Then the land will yield its fruit, so that you can eat, be satisfied, and live securely in the land.
If you wonder: 'What will we eat in the seventh year if we don't sow or gather our produce?'
I will appoint My blessing for you in the sixth year, so that it will produce a crop sufficient for three years.
When you sow in the eighth year, you will be eating from the previous harvest. You will be eating this until the ninth year when its harvest comes in.
"The land is not to be permanently sold because it is Mine, and you are only foreigners and temporary residents on My land.
You are to allow the redemption of any land you occupy.
If your brother becomes destitute and sells part of his property, his nearest relative may come and redeem what his brother has sold.
If a man has no family redeemer, but he prospers and obtains enough to redeem his land,
he may calculate the years since its sale, repay the balance to the man he sold it to, and return to his property.
But if he cannot obtain enough to repay him, what he sold will remain in the possession of its purchaser until the Year of Jubilee. It is to be released at the Jubilee, so that he may return to his property.
"If a man sells a residence in a walled city, his right of redemption will last until a year has passed after its sale; his right of redemption will last a year.
If it is not redeemed by the end of a full year, then the house in the walled city is permanently transferred to its purchaser throughout his generations. It is not to be released on the Jubilee.
But houses in villages that have no walls around them are to be classified as open fields. The right to redeem [such] houses stays in effect, and they are to be released at the Jubilee.
"Concerning the Levitical cities, the Levites always have the right to redeem houses in the cities they possess.
Whatever [property] one of the Levites can redeem-- a house sold in a city they possess-- must be released at the Jubilee, because the houses in the Levitical cities are their possession among the Israelites.
The open pastureland around their cities may not be sold, for it is their permanent possession.
"If your brother becomes destitute and cannot sustain himself among you, you are to support him as a foreigner or temporary resident, so that he can continue to live among you.
Do not profit or take interest from him, but fear your God and let your brother live among you.
You are not to lend him your silver with interest or sell [him] your food for profit.
I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.
"If your brother among you becomes destitute and sells himself to you, you must not force him to do slave labor.
Let him stay with you as a hired hand or temporary resident; he may work for you until the Year of Jubilee.
Then he and his children are to be released from you, and he may return to his clan and his ancestral property.
They are not to be sold as slaves, because they are My slaves I brought out of the land of Egypt.
You are not to rule over them harshly but fear your God.
Your male and female slaves are to be from the nations around you; you may purchase male and female slaves.
You may also purchase them from the foreigners staying with you, or from their families living among you-- those born in your land. These may become your property.
You may leave them to your sons after you to inherit as property; you can make them slaves for life. But concerning your brothers, the Israelites, you must not rule over one another harshly.
"If a foreigner or temporary resident [living] among you prospers, but your brother [living] near him becomes destitute and sells himself to the foreigner living among you, or to a member of the foreigner's clan,
he has the right of redemption after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him.
His uncle or cousin may redeem him, or any of his close relatives from his clan may redeem him. If he prospers, he may redeem himself.
The one who purchased him is to calculate [the time] from the year he sold himself to him until the Year of Jubilee. The price of his sale will be [determined] by the number of years. It will be [set] for him like the daily wages of a hired hand.
If many years are still left, he must pay his redemption price in proportion to them based on his purchase price.
If only a few years remain until the Year of Jubilee, he will calculate and pay the price of his redemption in proportion to his [remaining] years.
He will stay with him like a man hired year by year. A foreign owner is not to rule over him harshly in your sight.
If he is not redeemed in any of these [ways], he and his children are to be released at the Year of Jubilee.
For the Israelites are My slaves. They are My slaves I brought out of the land of Egypt; I am the LORD your God.
"Do not make idols for yourselves, set up a carved image or sacred pillar for yourselves, or place a sculpted stone in your land to bow down to it, for I am the LORD your God.
You must keep My Sabbaths and honor My sanctuary; I am the LORD.
"If you follow My statutes and faithfully observe My commands,
I will give you rain at the right time, and the land will yield its produce, and the trees of the field will bear their fruit.
Your threshing will continue until grape harvest, and the grape harvest will continue until sowing time; you will have plenty of food to eat and live securely in your land.
I will give peace to the land, and you will lie down with nothing to frighten [you]. I will remove dangerous animals from the land, and no sword will pass through your land.
You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall before you by the sword.
Five of you will pursue 100, and 100 of you will pursue 10,000; your enemies will fall before you by the sword.
"I will turn to you, make you fruitful and multiply you, and confirm My covenant with you.
You will eat the old grain of the previous year and will clear out the old to make room for the new.
I will place My residence among you, and I will not reject you.
I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be My people.
I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, so that you would no longer be their slaves. I broke the bars of your yoke and enabled you to live in freedom.
"But if you do not obey Me and observe all these commands--
if you reject My statutes and despise My ordinances, and do not observe all My commands-- and break My covenant,
then I will do this to you: I will bring terror on you-- wasting disease and fever that will cause your eyes to fail and your life to ebb away. You will sow your seed in vain because your enemies will eat it.
I will turn against you, so that you will be defeated by your enemies. Those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee even though no one is pursuing you.
"But if after these things you will not obey Me, I will proceed to discipline you seven times for your sins.
I will break down your strong pride. I will make your sky like iron and your land like bronze,
and your strength will be used up for nothing. Your land will not yield its produce, and the trees of the land will not bear their fruit.
"If you act with hostility toward Me and are unwilling to obey Me, I will multiply your plagues seven times for your sins.
I will send wild animals against you that will deprive you of your children, ravage your livestock, and reduce your numbers until your roads are deserted.
"If in spite of these things you do not accept My discipline, but act with hostility toward Me,
then I will act with hostility toward you; I also will strike you seven times for your sins.
I will bring a sword against you to execute the vengeance of the covenant. Though you withdraw into your cities, I will send a pestilence among you, and you will be delivered into enemy hands.
When I cut off your supply of bread, 10 women will bake your bread in a single oven and ration out your bread by weight, so that you will eat but not be satisfied.
"And if in spite of this you do not obey Me but act with hostility toward Me,
I will act with furious hostility toward you; I will also discipline you seven times for your sins.
You will eat the flesh of your sons; you will eat the flesh of your daughters.
I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars, and heap your dead bodies on the lifeless bodies of your idols; I will reject you.
I will reduce your cities to ruins and devastate your sanctuaries. I will not smell the pleasing aroma of your [sacrifices].
I also will devastate the land, so that your enemies who come to live there will be appalled by it.
But I will scatter you among the nations, and I will draw a sword [to chase] after you. So your land will become desolate, and your cities will become ruins.
"Then the land will make up for its Sabbath [years] during the time it lies desolate, while you are in the land of your enemies. At that time the land will rest and make up for its Sabbaths.
As long as it lies desolate, it will have the rest it did not have during your Sabbaths when you lived there.
"I will put anxiety in the hearts of those of you who survive in the lands of their enemies. The sound of a wind-driven leaf will put them to flight, and they will flee as one flees from a sword, and fall though no one is pursuing [them].
They will stumble over one another as if [fleeing] from a sword though no one is pursuing [them]. You will not be able to stand against your enemies.
You will perish among the nations; the land of your enemies will devour you.
Those who survive in the lands of your enemies will waste away because of their sin; they will also waste away because of their fathers' sins along with theirs.
"But if they will confess their sin and the sin of their fathers-- their unfaithfulness that they practiced against Me, and how they acted with hostility toward Me,
and I acted with hostility toward them and brought them into the land of their enemies-- and if their uncircumcised hearts will be humbled, and if they will pay the penalty for their sin,
then I will remember My covenant with Jacob. I will also remember My covenant with Isaac and My covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land.
For the land abandoned by them will make up for its Sabbaths by lying desolate without the people, while they pay the penalty for their sin, because they rejected My ordinances and abhorred My statutes.
Yet in spite of this, while they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject or abhor them so as to destroy them and break My covenant with them, since I am the LORD their God.
For their sake I will remember the covenant with their fathers, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God; I am the LORD."
These are the statutes, ordinances, and laws the LORD established between Himself and the Israelites through Moses on Mount Sinai.
The LORD spoke to Moses:
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When someone makes a special vow to the LORD that involves the valuation of people,
if the valuation concerns a male from 20 to 60 years old, your valuation is 50 silver shekels [measured] by the standard sanctuary shekel.
If the person is a female, your valuation is 30 shekels.
If the person is from five to 20 years old, your valuation for a male is 20 shekels and for a female 10 shekels.
If the person is from one month to five years old, your valuation for a male is five silver shekels, and for a female your valuation is three shekels of silver.
If the person is 60 years or more, your valuation is 15 shekels for a male and 10 shekels for a female.
But if one is too poor to pay the valuation, he must present the person before the priest and the priest will set a value for him. The priest will set a value for him according to what the one making the vow can afford.
"If the vow involves one of the animals that may be brought as an offering to the LORD, any of these he gives to the LORD will be holy.
He may not replace it or make a substitution for it, either good for bad, or bad for good. But if he does substitute one animal for another, both that animal and its substitute will be holy.
"If the vow involves any of the unclean animals that may not be brought as an offering to the LORD, the animal must be presented before the priest.
The priest will set its value, whether high or low; the price will be set as the priest makes the valuation for you.
If the one who brought it decides to redeem it, he must add a fifth to the valuation.
"When a man consecrates his house as holy to the LORD, the priest will assess its value, whether high or low. The price will stand just as the priest assesses it.
But if the one who consecrated his house redeems [it], he must add a fifth to the valuation price, and it will be his.
"If a man consecrates to the LORD any part of a field that he possesses, your valuation will be proportional to the seed needed to sow it, at the rate of 50 silver shekels for [every] five bushels of barley seed.
If he consecrates his field during the Year of Jubilee, the price will stand according to your valuation.
But if he consecrates his field after the Jubilee, the priest will calculate the price for him in proportion to the years left until the [next] Year of Jubilee, so that your valuation will be reduced.
If the one who consecrated the field decides to redeem it, he must add a fifth to the valuation price, and the field will transfer back to him.
But if he does not redeem the field or if he has sold it to another man, it is no longer redeemable.
When the field is released in the Jubilee, it will be holy to the LORD like a field permanently set apart; it becomes the priest's property.
"If a person consecrates to the LORD a field he has purchased that is not part of his inherited landholding,
then the priest will calculate for him the amount of the valuation up to the Year of Jubilee, and the person will pay the valuation on that day as a holy offering to the LORD.
In the Year of Jubilee the field will return to the one he bought it from, the original owner.
All your valuations will be [measured] by the standard sanctuary shekel, 20 gerahs to the shekel.
"But no one can consecrate a firstborn of the livestock, whether an animal from the herd or flock, to the LORD, because a firstborn [already] belongs to the LORD.
If it is one of the unclean livestock, it must be ransomed according to your valuation by adding a fifth of its value to it. If it is not redeemed, it can be sold according to your valuation.
"Nothing that a man permanently sets apart to the LORD from all he owns, whether a person, an animal, or his inherited landholding, can be sold or redeemed; everything set apart is especially holy to the LORD.
No person who has been set apart [for destruction] is to be ransomed; he must be put to death.
"Every tenth of the land's produce, grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the LORD; it is holy to the LORD.
If a man decides to redeem any part of this tenth, he must add one-fifth to its value.
Every tenth animal from the herd or flock, which passes under the [shepherd's] rod, will be holy to the LORD.
He is not to inspect whether it is good or bad, and he is not to make a substitution for it. But if he does make a substitution, both the animal and its substitute will be holy; they cannot be redeemed."
These are the commands the LORD gave Moses for the Israelites on Mount Sinai.