"So I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and respected men, and set them over you as leaders: officials for thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, and officers for your tribes.
I commanded your judges at that time: Hear [the cases] between your brothers, and judge rightly between a man and his brother or a foreign resident.
Do not show partiality when rendering judgment; listen to small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.
You are to go to the Levitical priests and to the judge who presides at that time. Ask, and they will give you a verdict in the case.
The person who acts arrogantly, refusing to listen either to the priest who stands there serving the LORD your God or to the judge, must die. You must purge the evil from Israel.
the two people in the dispute must stand in the presence of the LORD before the priests and judges in authority at the time.
The judges are to make a careful investigation, and if the witness turns out to be a liar who has falsely accused his brother,
your elders and judges must come out and measure [the distance] from the victim to the nearby cities.
So Moses chose able men from all Israel and made them leaders over the people [as] officials of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens.
They judged the people at all times; the hard cases they would bring to Moses, but every minor case they would judge themselves.
his master is to bring him to the judges and then bring him to the door or doorpost. His master must pierce his ear with an awl, and he will serve his master for life.
"Of these," [David said], "24,000 are to be in charge of the work on the LORD's temple, 6,000 are to be officers and judges,
From the Izrahites: Chenaniah and his sons had the outside duties as officers and judges over Israel.
He appointed judges in all the fortified cities of the land of Judah, city by city.
Then he said to the judges, "Consider what you are doing, for you do not judge for man, but for the LORD, who is with you in the matter of judgment.
And now, may the terror of the LORD be on you. Watch what you do, for there is no injustice or partiality or taking bribes with the LORD our God."
Jehoshaphat also appointed in Jerusalem some of the Levites and priests and some of the heads of the Israelite families for [rendering] the LORD's judgments and for [settling] disputes of the residents of Jerusalem.
He commanded them, saying, "In the fear of the LORD, with integrity, and with a whole heart, you are to do the following:
for every dispute that comes to you from your brothers who dwell in their cities-- whether it regards differences of bloodguilt, law, commandment, statutes, or judgments-- you are to warn them, so they will not incur guilt before the LORD and wrath will not come on you and your brothers. Do this, and you will not incur guilt.
"Note that Amariah, the chief priest, is over you in all matters related to the LORD, and Zebadiah son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, in all matters related to the king, and the Levites are officers in your presence. Be strong; may the LORD be with those who do what is good."
"How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? Selah
Provide justice for the needy and the fatherless; uphold the rights of the oppressed and the destitute.
Everyone must submit to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except from God, and those that exist are instituted by God.
So then, the one who resists the authority is opposing God's command, and those who oppose it will bring judgment on themselves.
For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do good and you will have its approval.
For government is God's servant to you for good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, because it does not carry the sword for no reason. For government is God's servant, an avenger that brings wrath on the one who does wrong.
Therefore, you must submit, not only because of wrath, but also because of your conscience.
And for this reason you pay taxes, since the [authorities] are God's public servants, continually attending to these tasks.