What then can we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found?
And he became the father of the circumcised, not only to those who are circumcised, but also to those who follow in the footsteps of the faith our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from the Messiah for the benefit of my brothers, my countrymen by physical descent.
They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the temple service, and the promises.
The forefathers are theirs, and from them, by physical descent, came the Messiah, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.
But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.
Neither are they all children because they are Abraham's descendants. On the contrary, in Isaac your seed will be called.
That is, it is not the children by physical descent who are God's children, but the children of the promise are considered seed.
Since many boast from a human perspective, I will also boast.
For you gladly put up with fools since you are so smart!
In fact, you put up with it if someone enslaves you, if someone devours you, if someone captures you, if someone dominates you, or if someone hits you in the face.
I say this to [our] shame: we have been weak. But in whatever anyone dares [to boast]-- I am talking foolishly-- I also dare:
Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? So am I.
May peace be on all those who follow this standard, and mercy also be on the Israel of God!
So then, remember that at one time you were Gentiles in the flesh-- called "the uncircumcised" by those called "the circumcised," done by hand in the flesh.
At that time you were without the Messiah, excluded from the citizenship of Israel, and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, with no hope and without God in the world.
For we are the circumcision, the ones who serve by the Spirit of God, boast in Christ Jesus, and do not put confidence in the flesh--
although I once had confidence in the flesh too. If anyone else thinks he has grounds for confidence in the flesh, I have more:
circumcised the eighth day; of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew born of Hebrews; as to the law, a Pharisee;
Do you not know that those who perform the temple services eat the food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in the offerings of the altar?
He will present part of the fellowship sacrifice as a fire offering to the LORD: the fat surrounding the entrails, all the fat that is on the entrails,
and the two kidneys with the fat on them at the loins; he will also remove the fatty lobe of the liver with the kidneys.
Aaron's sons will burn it on the altar along with the burnt offering that is on the burning wood, a fire offering of a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
"Now this is the law of the fellowship sacrifice that someone may present to the LORD:
If he presents it for thanksgiving, in addition to the thanksgiving sacrifice, he is to present unleavened cakes mixed with olive oil, unleavened wafers coated with oil, and well-kneaded cakes of fine flour mixed with oil.
He is to present as his offering cakes of leavened bread, with his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship.
From the cakes he must present one [portion] of each offering as a contribution to the LORD. It will belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offering; it is his.
The meat of his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship must be eaten on the day he offers it; he may not leave any of it until morning.
"If the sacrifice he offers is a vow or a freewill offering, it is to be eaten on the day he presents his sacrifice, and what is left over may be eaten on the next day.
But what remains of the sacrificial meat by the third day must be burned up.
or for the priests' share [of the sacrifices] from the people. When any man offered a sacrifice, the priest's servant would come with a three-pronged meat fork while the meat was boiling
and plunge it into the container or kettle or caldron or cooking pot. The priest would claim for himself whatever the meat fork brought up. This is the way they treated all the Israelites who came there to Shiloh.
Even before the fat was burned, the priest's servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, "Give the priest [some] meat to roast, because he won't accept boiled meat from you-- only raw."
If that man said to him, "The fat must be burned first; then you can take whatever you want for yourself," the servant would reply, "No, I insist that you hand it over right now. If you don't, I'll take it by force!"
The women answered, "Yes, he is ahead of you. Hurry, he just now came to the city, because there's a sacrifice for the people at the high place today.
If you go quickly, you can catch up with him before he goes to the high place to eat. The people won't eat until he comes because he must bless the sacrifice; after that, the guests can eat. Go up immediately-- you can find him now."